# Converting Booleans and Integers in Python: Techniques and Examples

## Converting Booleans to Integers in Python

Python is a popular programming language used in various fields such as data science, web development, and artificial intelligence. One of the data types in Python is Booleans, which can have only two values- true or false.

Sometimes we need to convert Booleans to integers for different reasons, such as mathematical calculations or database operations. In this article, we will discuss different ways of converting Booleans to integers in Python.

## Using int() class for Boolean to Integer conversion

The int() class is a built-in function in Python that converts a value to an integer. To convert a Boolean value to an integer, we can use the int() function.

When we pass a Boolean value true or false to this function, it will return 1 for true and 0 for false. Let’s see an example.

``````my_bool = True
my_int = int(my_bool)
print(my_int) # Output: 1
``````

In the above example, we define a Boolean variable my_bool with a value true. Then we convert it into an integer using the int() function and store it in a variable my_int.

Finally, we print the value of my_int, which will be 1.

### Converting list of Booleans to list of Integers using list comprehension

We can use list comprehension in python to create a new list by iterating over an existing list. We can also use this technique to convert a list of Booleans to a list of integers.

``````my_bool_list = [True, False, True, True, False]
my_int_list = [int(i) for i in my_bool_list]
print(my_int_list) #Output: [1, 0, 1, 1, 0]
``````

In the above example, we define a list of Booleans my_bool_list and initialize it with some values.

Then we use list comprehension to create a new list my_int_list by iterating over my_bool_list and converting each Boolean value to an integer using the int() function. Finally, we print the value of my_int_list, which will be [1, 0, 1, 1, 0].

### Converting ‘true’ and ‘false’ to 1 and 0 in Python

Python is a case-sensitive language, and the boolean values are written in lowercase (i.e., true or false). Sometimes we may have data that contains ‘true’ and ‘false’ as a string instead of a Boolean value.

In such cases, we need to convert those strings to Boolean and then to integers. Python does not have built-in functions to convert ‘true’ and ‘false’ strings to boolean values but we can use the lower() function to convert those strings to lowercase and then compare them with ‘true’ and ‘false’ keywords.

``````my_str = 'True'
my_bool = my_str.lower() == 'true'
my_int = int(my_bool)
print(my_int) # Output: 1
``````

In the above example, we have a string ‘True’ that we need to convert to an integer.

First, we convert the string to a Boolean value by comparing it with ‘true’ keyword in lowercase using the lower() function and store it in a variable my_bool. Then we use the int() function to convert my_bool to an integer value and store it in a variable my_int.

Finally, we print the value of my_int, which will be 1.

### Converting a list of ‘true’ and ‘false’ values to integers using list comprehension

We can use the same list comprehension technique we used earlier to convert a list of Booleans to a list of integers.

``````my_str_list = ['True', 'False', 'False', 'True']
my_bool_list = [i.lower() == 'true' for i in my_str_list]
my_int_list = [int(i) for i in my_bool_list]
print(my_int_list) # Output: [1, 0, 0, 1]
``````

In the above example, we define a list of strings my_str_list that contains ‘true’ and ‘false’ values.

Then we use list comprehension to create a new list my_bool_list by iterating over my_str_list and converting each string value to a Boolean value using the lower() function and comparing it to ‘true’ keyword in lowercase. We store these Boolean values in my_bool_list.

Finally, we use list comprehension again to create a new list my_int_list by iterating over my_bool_list and converting each Boolean value to an integer using the int() function. Finally, we print the value of my_int_list, which will be [1, 0, 0, 1].

### Converting a list of Booleans to a list of Integers using map()

The map() function is a built-in Python function that applies a function to each element of an iterable. We can use the map() function to convert a list of Booleans to a list of integers.

``````my_bool_list = [True, False, True, False]
my_int_list = list(map(int, my_bool_list))
print(my_int_list) # Output: [1, 0, 1, 0]
``````

In the above example, we define a list of Booleans my_bool_list and initialize it with some values.

Then we use the map() function to apply the int() function to each element of my_bool_list and store the result in my_int_list using the list() function. Finally, we print the value of my_int_list, which will be [1, 0, 1, 0].

## Converting Integers to Booleans in Python

Similarly, we may need to convert integers to Booleans in Python. In this section, we will discuss different ways of converting integers to Booleans in Python.

## Using bool() class for Integer to Boolean conversion

The bool() class is a built-in function in Python that converts a value to a Boolean. When we pass an integer value to this function, it will return True for non-zero values and False for zero values.

``````my_int = 0
my_bool = bool(my_int)
print(my_bool) # Output: False
``````

In the above example, we define an integer variable my_int with a value 0.

Then we convert it into a Boolean using the bool() function and store it in a variable my_bool. Finally, we print the value of my_bool, which will be False.

### Converting list of Integers to list of Booleans using list comprehension

We can use the same list comprehension technique we used earlier to convert a list of Booleans to a list of integers to convert a list of integers to a list of Booleans. Let’s see an example.

``````my_int_list = [1, 0, 0, 1]
my_bool_list = [bool(i) for i in my_int_list]
print(my_bool_list) # Output: [True, False, False, True]
``````

In the above example, we define a list of integers my_int_list and initialize it with some values. Then we use list comprehension to create a new list my_bool_list by iterating over my_int_list and converting each integer value to a Boolean value using the bool() function.

Finally, we print the value of my_bool_list, which will be [True, False, False, True].

### Converting list of integers to list of booleans using map()

We can use the same map() function we used earlier to convert a list of Booleans to a list of integers to convert a list of integers to a list of Booleans. Let’s see an example.

``````my_int_list = [1, 0, 0, 1]
my_bool_list = list(map(bool, my_int_list))
print(my_bool_list) # Output: [True, False, False, True]
``````

In the above example, we define a list of integers my_int_list and initialize it with some values. Then we use the map() function to apply the bool() function to each element of my_int_list and store the result in my_bool_list using the list() function.

Finally, we print the value of my_bool_list, which will be [True, False, False, True].

## Conclusion

In conclusion, we have discussed different ways of converting Booleans to integers and integers to Booleans in Python. We have seen that we can use the int() function, list comprehension, and map() function to convert Booleans to integers.

Similarly, we can use bool() function, list comprehension, and map() function to convert integers to Booleans. These techniques can be useful in various Python programming applications, such as data science and database operations.

By understanding these techniques, we can improve our Python programming skills and become more proficient in solving real-world problems. In conclusion, the article explores different techniques for converting Booleans to integers and integers to Booleans in Python.

These techniques include the use of the int(), bool(), list comprehension, and map() functions. Through these methods, programmers can improve their Python programming skills and become more proficient in solving real-world problems in various fields.

By understanding the importance and applications of Boolean and integer conversions, readers can enhance their Python knowledge and improve their ability to manipulate data and perform calculations. Ultimately, the article highlights the importance of mastering Boolean and integer conversions in Python to become a better programmer and problem-solver.