Converting NumPy Matrix to Array: Methods and Examples
Have you ever worked with NumPy matrices and needed to convert them to arrays? This process can be achieved by using different methods, including the A1 property and the ravel()
function.
In this article, you will learn how to convert NumPy matrices to arrays using both methods and explore some examples.
Method 1: A1 Property
The NumPy library provides an A1 attribute that allows us to convert a matrix into an array.
The general format is:
matrix.A1
This method works by flattening the entire matrix into a onedimensional array. Here is an example of how to convert a NumPy matrix to an array using A1.
Example 1: Converting NumPy Matrix to Array Using A1
import numpy as np
# Creating a matrix
matrix = np.matrix('1 2 3; 4 5 6; 7 8 9')
print("Original matrix:n", matrix)
# Converting matrix to array using A1
array = matrix.A1
print("nArray:n", array)
The output of this code will be:
Original matrix:
[[1 2 3]
[4 5 6]
[7 8 9]]
Array:
[1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9]
The A1 property provides an efficient way of converting a matrix to a onedimensional array. However, it only works with matrix objects, and not with regular arrays.
Method 2: ravel() Function
The ravel()
function is another method provided by NumPy for converting matrices to arrays. Unlike A1, ravel()
creates a new flattened array object from the original matrix.
Here is an example:
Example 2: Converting NumPy Matrix to Array Using ravel()
import numpy as np
# Creating a matrix
matrix = np.matrix('1 2 3; 4 5 6; 7 8 9')
print("Original matrix:n", matrix)
# Converting matrix to array using ravel()
array = np.ravel(matrix)
print("nArray:n", array)
The output will be the same as in Example 1:
Original matrix:
[[1 2 3]
[4 5 6]
[7 8 9]]
Array:
[1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9]
The ravel()
function provides more options for flattening arrays compared to A1. For instance, it has the order
parameter that allows you to specify the order in which elements are flattened.
Conclusion
In conclusion, converting a NumPy matrix to an array can be easily achieved by using the A1 property or the ravel()
function. The A1 property works by flattening the matrix into a onedimensional array, while ravel()
creates a new flattened array object from the matrix.
Both methods are efficient, easy to use, and provide different options for flattening arrays. With this knowledge, you can now work with NumPy matrices and arrays without any concerns about conversion challenges.
Example 2: Converting NumPy Matrix to Array Using ravel()
Let’s take a closer look at the second method for converting NumPy matrices to arrays: the ravel()
function. Before we start, we need to create a NumPy matrix.
This can be achieved using the reshape()
function.
NumPy Matrix Creation
Here is an example of how to create a 3 x 3 NumPy matrix using reshape()
:
import numpy as np
# Creating a 3 x 3 matrix
matrix = np.arange(1, 10).reshape(3, 3)
print("NumPy matrix:n", matrix)
The output of this code will be:
NumPy matrix:
[[1 2 3]
[4 5 6]
[7 8 9]]
Converting Matrix to Array Using ravel()
With the matrix created, we can now use the ravel()
function to convert it to an array. Here is an example:
import numpy as np
# Creating a 3 x 3 matrix
matrix = np.arange(1, 10).reshape(3, 3)
print("NumPy matrix:n", matrix)
# Converting matrix to array using ravel()
array = np.ravel(matrix)
print("nNumPy array:n", array)
The output of this code will be:
NumPy matrix:
[[1 2 3]
[4 5 6]
[7 8 9]]
NumPy array:
[1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9]
The ravel()
function can also be used to flatten multiple dimensions of a matrix into a onedimensional array. For example, consider this square 3D matrix:
[[[ 0 1 2]
[ 3 4 5]
[ 6 7 8]]
[[ 9 10 11]
[12 13 14]
[15 16 17]]
[[18 19 20]
[21 22 23]
[24 25 26]]]]
If we use ravel()
, we get this array:
[ 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26]
Confirming NumPy Array Type
Once we have converted a NumPy matrix to an array, we may need to confirm its type to ensure that it matches our expectations. To do this, we can use the type()
function.
For example, if we use the type()
function on the array from the previous example, we would get the following output:
import numpy as np
# Creating a 3 x 3 matrix
matrix = np.arange(1, 10).reshape(3, 3)
# Converting matrix to array using ravel()
array = np.ravel(matrix)
print(type(array))
The output of this code will be:
This confirms that the array is a NumPy array, which we can work with using all of the library’s functions.
Conclusion
In conclusion, we have covered two methods for converting NumPy matrices to arrays: the A1 property and the ravel()
function. Both methods have their benefits and limitations, but they are both effective for flattening matrices into arrays.
Additionally, once we have converted a matrix to an array, we can confirm its type using the type()
function to ensure it matches our expectations. With these tools at our disposal, we can manipulate NumPy matrices and arrays with ease and confidence.
Additional Resources for Working with NumPy
If you want to learn more about working with NumPy matrices and arrays, there are plenty of resources available to help you. Here are some of the best resources for learning more about NumPy:

NumPy Documentation: The NumPy documentation is a comprehensive resource that covers all of NumPy’s functions and features. You can find information about creating matrices and arrays, manipulating them, and performing mathematical operations on them.

NumPy User Guide: The NumPy User Guide is a tutorialstyle resource that provides stepbystep guidance on using NumPy in your projects.
It covers everything from the basics of NumPy arrays to more advanced topics like indexing and broadcasting.

NumPy Tutorials: There are many NumPy tutorials available online that can help you learn how to use NumPy. Some of the best tutorials are provided by DataCamp, Real Python, and Towards Data Science.

NumPy Books: There are also several books available that focus specifically on NumPy. Some of the most popular books include “Python for Data Science Handbook” by Jake VanderPlas, “Data Science Handbook” by Jake VanderPlas, and “Python Data Science Handbook” by Wes McKinney.

NumPy Courses: If you prefer a more structured learning experience, there are many NumPy courses available online. Some of the best courses are offered by Udemy, Coursera, and edX.
By utilizing these resources, you can become an expert at working with NumPy matrices and arrays. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced programmer, there is something for everyone in the world of NumPy.
In summary, converting NumPy matrices to arrays can be achieved using two methods: the A1 property and the ravel()
function.
Both methods are efficient and easy to use, with ravel()
providing more options for flattening arrays. It is essential to confirm the array type using the type()
function to ensure it matches our expectations.
In addition, there are abundant resources available to deepen knowledge of NumPy, including documentation, tutorials, books, and courses. Mastering NumPy matrices and arrays is crucial for data scientists and machine learning engineers.
With these resources, you can learn NumPy and apply this knowledge to realworld projects, making a significant contribution to data analysis and machine learning.