## Different Ways to Count Rows and Columns in a Pandas Dataframe

Dataframes are a popular tool for manipulating and analyzing data in Python. They are tabular data structures that are similar to a spreadsheet or a database table.

Pandas is a powerful library in Python that provides functionality for data analysis. In this article, we will discuss how to count the rows and columns in a Pandas dataframe using different methods.

### 1. Using the len() method with axes attribute

The simplest way to count the rows and columns in a Pandas dataframe is to use the len() method.

The len() method returns the number of elements in an object. In Pandas, we can use the len() method with the axes attribute to count the number of rows and columns in a dataframe.

#### Syntax:

```
len(df.axes[0]) # returns number of rows
len(df.axes[1]) # returns number of columns
```

Here, we are using the axes attribute to specify whether we want to count the rows or columns. The axes[0] returns the rows’ count, while the axes[1] returns the columns’ count.

The df variable represents the dataframe object.

### 2. Using the shape attribute

Another way to count the rows and columns in a Pandas dataframe is to use the shape attribute. The shape attribute returns a tuple representing the dimensionality of the dataframe.

The first element of the tuple corresponds to the number of rows, while the second element corresponds to the number of columns.

#### Syntax:

```
df.shape[0] # returns number of rows
df.shape[1] # returns number of columns
```

Here, we are using the shape attribute to return the dimensions of the dataframe.

The shape[0] returns the row count, while the shape[1] returns the column count.

### 3. Using index and columns keywords

The third way to count the rows and columns in a Pandas dataframe is to use the index and columns keywords. The dataframe object has two attributes, index and columns, that represent the row and column labels of the dataframe, respectively.

We can use the len() method on these attributes to count the rows and columns.

#### Syntax:

```
len(df.index) # returns number of rows
len(df.columns) # returns number of columns
```

Here, we are using the len() method on the index and columns attributes to count the number of rows and columns, respectively.

## Conclusion

By using different methods, we can count the rows and columns in a Pandas dataframe. We can use the len() method with the axes attribute, the shape attribute, or the index and columns keywords to count the number of rows and columns in a dataframe.

Understanding how to count rows and columns is essential for data analysis and manipulation in Python. Dataframes are an important data structure in data science and are widely used for data analysis and manipulation.

Pandas is a powerful library in Python that provides easy-to-use functionality to work with dataframes.

Counting the number of rows and columns in a dataframe is a basic operation that is often used in data analysis. In this article, we will explore different methods to count the rows and columns in a Pandas dataframe.

### 1. Using the len() method with axes attribute

The len() function is a built-in Python function used to get the length of an object.

We can use this function to get the number of rows and columns in a Pandas dataframe. By default, the len() function returns the number of rows in the dataframe.

#### Syntax:

`len(df) # returns number of rows`

The above syntax will return the number of rows in the dataframe. To get the number of columns, we need to use the axes attribute of the dataframe.

#### Syntax:

`len(df.axes[1]) # returns number of columns`

The df.axes[1] expression returns a list of all the column names in the dataframe. By applying the len() function to this list, we can get the number of columns in the dataframe.

### 2. Using the shape attribute

The shape attribute of a dataframe returns a tuple representing the number of rows and columns in the dataframe.

The first element of the tuple represents the number of rows, while the second element represents the number of columns.

#### Syntax:

`df.shape`

The above syntax will return a tuple containing the number of rows and columns in the dataframe.

To get the number of rows, we can use the first element of the tuple, and to get the number of columns, we can use the second element of the tuple.

#### Syntax:

```
df.shape[0] # returns number of rows
df.shape[1] # returns number of columns
```

### 3. Using index and columns keywords

In a Pandas dataframe, the index and columns keywords represent the row and column labels, respectively. We can use these keywords to get the number of rows and columns in the dataframe.

#### Syntax:

```
len(df.index) # returns number of rows
len(df.columns) # returns number of columns
```

The above syntax uses the len() function to get the length of the index and columns of the dataframe. The len() function gives us the number of rows and columns in the dataframe.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, we have discussed different methods to count the number of rows and columns in a Pandas dataframe. We can count the number of rows using the len() function by default.

To count the number of columns, we need to use the axes attribute of the dataframe. Alternatively, we can use the shape attribute to get the number of rows and columns as a tuple.

Finally, we have seen that we can also use the index and columns keywords to get the number of rows and columns in the dataframe. The ability to count the number of rows and columns in a dataframe is a fundamental skill that is essential in data manipulation and analysis and is an important part of any data scientist’s toolkit.

In this article, we have explored different methods to count the number of rows and columns in a Pandas dataframe. The ability to count rows and columns is essential in data analysis and manipulation, and we have seen that it can be done using the len() function, the shape attribute, or the index and columns keywords.

Understanding these different methods helps us to better understand and analyze our data and is an important skill for any data scientist. By mastering the techniques discussed in this article, you will be able to effectively count and analyze the data in your Pandas dataframes, making your work more efficient and productive.