Python is a versatile programming language that is popular among developers for its simplicity and ease of use. Whether you are a beginner or an advanced Python programmer, having the right IDE is essential for efficient coding.
In this article, we will discuss Python IDEs, their features, and how to use them.
Features of IDEs
IDEs (Integrated Development Environments) are software applications that provide a comprehensive environment for software development. Python IDEs come with numerous features that help simplify the coding process.
Some of the essential features of Python IDEs include:
Syntax highlighting is a feature that highlights keywords, functions, and other elements of the Python programming language in different colors. This makes it easy for the developer to spot any syntax errors and understand the code structure.
Context-sensitive help is a feature that provides information about Python functions, classes, methods, and objects. This feature helps in understanding the syntax and the intended functionality of various code segments.
Code completion refers to the feature that suggests possible completion options in real-time. It saves time that developers would have otherwise spent typing long commands.
Debugging is a feature that helps identify and fix software defects (bugs) in the code. It helps in improving the code quality and functionality.
IDLE (Integrated Development and Learning Environment) is a popular Python IDE that comes with the standard Python distribution. Its features include:
Python Shell is a command-line interface that gives developers a place to run Python code interactively. It also allows them to test code snippets without having to save them to a file.
Statement recall is a feature that saves previously typed commands and provides an easy way of recalling them.
IDL allows developers to create and save Python code in script files. It also provides a convenient way of running Python scripts.
Thonny is a free Python IDE developed by the Institute of Computer Science designed to accommodate beginners. Its features include:
REPL (Read-Eval-Print-Loop) is an interactive programming environment that allows developers to input, evaluate, and print commands. This feature makes it easy for beginners to experiment with Python code.
Thonny comes with a powerful debugger that helps identify and fix errors in the code quickly.
Syntax highlighting is a feature that highlights keywords, functions, and other language elements in different colors.
Thonny can suggest functions, methods, and classes for code completion, which makes coding more efficient. Using
Now that we have introduced
IDLE let’s get to using it.
IDLE is easy, depending on your operating system. Here are the steps to follow for different operating systems:
Go to the Start menu. 2.
Look for the
IDLE icon, which looks like a snake. 3.
Click on it.
Go to the Spotlight Search. 2.
Type “Terminal” in the search bar and launch it. 3.
In the Terminal window, type “idle3” and hit Enter. Starting
The installation process and launch are slightly different on
Linux than other operating systems.
Here are the steps to follow:
1. Ensure you have the Python 3 distribution installed on your
2. Open the Terminal window.
3. Type “sudo apt-get install idle3” and hit Enter.
4. Open the GUI-based application manager.
5. Look for the
IDLE icon and launch it.
Once you have successfully launched
IDLE, you will be greeted with the Python 3.x.x Shell. Here are some of the essential components of the
Python Shell provides an interactive console where you can type in Python commands and see the results immediately.
Syntax highlighting makes it clear which parts of your code are strings, integers, keywords, comments, and so on.
IDLE provides contextual help on demand, allowing you to access information about Python functions, classes, and modules.
IDLE has a statement recall feature that allows you to quickly recall previously typed statements and commands.
IDLE allows you to write Python code in script files, save the files on your computer, and run them when needed.
Run Module feature allows you to execute your entire script file in one go.
IDLE has an editing window, which allows you to create, modify, and save your Python code.
In conclusion, Python IDEs play an essential role in simplifying the coding and debugging process. They provide features like syntax highlighting, contextual help, code completion, and debugging that make coding more efficient.
Thonny are two popular Python IDEs, each with its unique features. No matter which IDE you use, always remember to follow best coding practices and keep your code organized.
Python programming is made easy with the use of the right Integrated Development Environment (IDE).
Thonny is a free Python IDE that was developed by the Institute of Computer Science for beginners in the Python programming language.
This IDE has an interface that is simple, uncluttered, and easy to understand, making it an excellent choice for those who are just starting with Python. Overview of
Thonny is designed to help beginner programmers learn Python easily. It has an interface that is simple and easy to navigate, with a clean layout that makes it easy for users to find the features they need.
It has been designed to remove the complexities of Python programming, allowing users to focus more on the learning process. Features of
Thonny has many features that make it a great choice for anyone who is starting with Python programming. Some of these features include:
Thonny comes with syntax highlighting that helps in identifying the different programming structures in the code. This feature makes programming easier since it allows the user to easily spot and correct syntax errors.
The code completion feature in
Thonny makes it easy to write error-free code. The IDE suggests possible programming constructs that are compatible with your current code, making programming less error-prone.
Thonny comes with a robust debugger that allows users to debug their code easily. The debugger has a stepping function that enables users to step through code line by line, making it easier to find and fix errors.
Built-in Python 3.6
Thonny comes with built-in Python 3.6, which means that users do not need to install Python separately. This feature makes getting started with Python much easier since users can get straight into the learning process.
Downloading and Installing
To download and install
Thonny, follow the steps below:
1. Go to the
2. Click on Download.
3. Choose the
Windows version and click Download again.
4. Run the downloaded file and follow the installation instructions.
1. Go to the
2. Click on Download.
3. Choose the
macOS version and click Download again.
4. Open the downloaded file and drag the
Thonny icon to the Applications folder.
Thonny from the Applications folder.
1. Go to the
2. Click on Download.
3. Choose the
Linux version and click Download again.
4. You can either download the Raspberry Pi version or the generic
5. Once you have downloaded the file, extract it to your desired location.
Thonny by double-clicking on the
Thonny executable file.
4) Other Python IDEs
Thonny is a great Python IDE for beginners, there are many other IDEs available for more advanced users. The Python IDEs and Code Editors Guide offers additional suggestions for IDEs and code editors to use for Python programming.
PyCharm: This is a fully-featured Python IDE for advanced programmers. It comes with features like code refactoring, debugging, and profiling.
Spyder: This is an open-source IDE that is designed for scientific programming in Python. It has an interface that is similar to MATLAB and provides users with features like data inspection, code completion, and debugging.
Visual Studio Code: This is a free, open-source code editor that supports Python programming. It has features that make programming in Python more comfortable, including live debugging, IntelliSense, and built-in Git commands.
Atom: This code editor is also open-source and comes with many features that make Python programming easier. It has a customizable interface, syntax highlighting, and code completion, among others.
In conclusion, selecting the right Python IDE is essential for successful Python programming, especially for beginners.
Thonny is a user-friendly and straightforward IDE that is ideal for those who are starting with Python programming.
It comes with features such as syntax highlighting, code completion, a debugger, and built-in Python 3.6, making it an excellent choice for learning to code in Python. Advanced users can also choose from other popular IDEs and code editors, including PyCharm, Spyder, Visual Studio Code, and Atom, depending on their needs and preferences.
It is always recommended to test out a few IDEs and choose one that suits your programming goals and preferences. Python IDEs are critical to the success of any programmer, regardless of skill level.
They provide essential features such as code completion, syntax highlighting, debugging, and more, that simplify the coding process. For beginners,
Thonny is an excellent starting point as it has a user-friendly interface that simplifies the complexities of Python programming.
There are also other advanced IDEs and code editors like PyCharm and Visual Studio Code, suitable for experienced coders. The key takeaway for anyone looking to code in Python is to select an IDE that caters to their needs and preferences.
Overall, the right IDE can make a significant difference in your programming experience, making it efficient, stress-free, and enjoyable.