# Mastering Floats: Removing Decimals and Formatting as Integers in Python

## Removing Decimal Part from a Float

Formatting and altering the precision of floats are essential tasks in programming. In this article, we will explore several methods of removing the decimal part from a float and formatting the float as an integer. By the end of the article, you will have a better understanding of these techniques and be able to apply them to your own programming projects.

### 1. Using math.floor()

The `math.floor()` function in Python returns the largest integer less than or equal to a given number. It can be used to remove the decimal part of a float by returning its integral part.

``````import math
num = 7.012
num = math.floor(num)
print(num)``````

In this example, we use the `math.floor()` function to remove the decimal part of the float ‘num.’ The output would be ‘7,’ which is the integral part of the original float.

### 2. Using list comprehension and math.trunc()

The `math.trunc()` function, unlike `math.floor()`, truncates the decimal part of a float instead of rounding it. List comprehension is used in combination with the `math.trunc()` function to remove the decimal part.

``````import math
num_list = [6.345, 5.778, 3.999, 7.258]
integer_list = [math.trunc(num) for num in num_list]
print(integer_list)``````

In this example, we create a list of floats with the variable ‘num_list,’ and we use a list comprehension statement to create a new ‘integer_list.’ We remove the decimal part of each float in ‘num_list’ by applying the `math.trunc()` function using list comprehension.

### 3. Using int()

The `int()` function is a built-in Python function that transforms a float to an integer by removing its decimal part. Here is an example:

``````num = 5.12
num = int(num)
print(num)``````

In this example, we cast the float value of ‘num’ to an integer value using the `int()` function. The output would be ‘5,’ which is the integral part of the float.

### 4. Using math.trunc()

The `math.trunc()` function can be used in combination with the `int()` function to remove the decimal part of a float.

``````import math
num = 6.789
num = int(math.trunc(num))
print(num)``````

In this example, we first apply the `math.trunc()` function to remove the decimal part of the ‘num’ variable. Then we cast it to an integer value using the `int()` function.

### 5. Using math.ceil()

The `math.ceil()` function in Python returns the smallest integer greater than or equal to a given number.

It can be used to remove the decimal part of a float by rounding it up to the nearest integer. Here is an example:

``````import math
num = 2.345
num = math.ceil(num)
print(num)``````

In this example, we use the `math.ceil()` function to remove the decimal part of the float ‘num.’ The output would be ‘3,’ which is the smallest integer greater than the original float value.

### 6. Using round()

The `round()` function in Python is used to round a float to a specified number of digits. Here’s an example:

``````num = 5.678
num = round(num)
print(num)``````

In this example, we use the `round()` function to remove the decimal part of the float ‘num.’ The output would be ‘6,’ which is the nearest integer to the original float value.

### 7. Using split()

The `split()` function in Python is used to split a string into a list of substrings. We can also use the `split()` function to convert a float to a string and remove its decimal part.

``````num = 7.987
num = str(num).split('.')[0]
print(num)``````

In this example, we use the `str()` method to convert the float value to a string. We then use the `split()` function to split the string into two substrings using the ‘.’ separator.

Finally, we retrieve the first item of the resulting list by using the index [0].

## Formatting a Float as an Integer

### 1. Using formatted string literals

Formatted string literals or f-strings allow us to insert variables inside a string. When inserting a float variable, we can format it as an integer using the `math.trunc()` function, which removes the decimal part of the float.

``````import math
num = 4.981
integer = math.trunc(num)
print(f"The integer value of {num} is {integer}.")``````

In this example, we use an f-string to convert the float to a string and insert it in a sentence. We format the float variable as an integer using the `math.trunc()` function.

### 2. Using math.ceil() for rounding up

If we want to round the float value up to the nearest integer, we can use the `math.ceil()` function in combination with an f-string.

``````import math
num = 5.678
integer = math.ceil(num)
print(f"The rounded-up integer value of {num} is {integer}.")``````

In this example, we use an f-string to insert the float variable in a sentence, and we apply the `math.ceil()` function to round it up to the nearest integer.

### 3. Using math.floor() for rounding down

The `math.floor()` function can be used to round down a float to the nearest integer. Here’s an example:

``````import math
num = 7.345
integer = math.floor(num)
print(f"The rounded-down integer value of {num} is {integer}.")``````

In this example, we use an f-string to insert the original float variable in a sentence, and we use the `math.floor()` function to round it down to the nearest integer.

## Conclusion

In this article, we have explored several methods of removing the decimal part from a float and formatting a float as an integer.

We learned how to use built-in functions such as `math.trunc()`, `math.floor()`, `int()`, `math.ceil()`, and `round()` to remove the decimal part from a float. We also learned how to format a float as an integer using formatted string literals and various rounding functions.

Python’s math module provides several built-in functions that allow for the manipulation and formatting of floats. However, sometimes it can be challenging to remember all the different options for removing the decimal part from a float and formatting a float as an integer. In this section, we will explore some additional resources that can help you navigate these processes more efficiently.

### Python Official Documentation

The official Python documentation is an extensive resource that contains all the information you need about the various built-in functions in Python’s math module. It’s an excellent starting point for beginners and experts alike to learn about the language and its modules.

In the math module documentation, you will find a comprehensive list of functions and examples of how to use them in your code. It includes explanations of the different methods for removing the decimal part from a float and formatting floats as integers, as well as more advanced functions such as logarithmic and trigonometric functions.

The documentation is written with the Python language in mind, so it is clear and straightforward to understand. Furthermore, you can find examples of how math functions are used in various code snippets, including syntax highlighting and output results.

The Python documentation is continually updated with new features and functions, so it’s an excellent resource for staying up-to-date with the latest Python updates.

### Online Tutorials

There are many online tutorials available that provide step-by-step explanations of how to format floats and remove the decimal part using various Python modules and built-in functions.

These tutorials are often created by experienced programmers and are an excellent resource for beginners who are just starting with the language. Tutorials often contain screenshots and illustrations to make the explanations more accessible and visual.

They also provide code snippets of different functions and examples of their output, making it easy to understand how they work. Tutorials are an excellent option for hands-on learners who prefer to see the code in action instead of just reading about it.

### Stack Overflow

Stack Overflow is a well-known forum for developers to ask and answer technical questions. It’s an excellent resource for finding solutions to specific technical problems, including issues related to removing the decimal part from a float or formatting floats as integers.

In Stack Overflow, users can ask questions related to programming, and other users can provide answers or solutions. The platform has a voting system that allows users to request contributions, which are seen as more helpful.

Users can follow specific topics related to Python’s math module and find answers to their questions from knowledgeable users.

### Python Mathematical Library

The Python Mathematical Library is a third-party library that extends Python’s built-in math module.

It provides additional mathematical functions, including functions for working with complex numbers, matrices, and numerical integration. This library is an excellent resource for those who need to use more complex mathematical functions in their code.

It provides an additional layer of functionality beyond what is available in the built-in math module, allowing for more advanced mathematical operations.

## Final Thoughts

In conclusion, there are several resources available to help you learn how to format floats as integers and remove the decimal part from a float using Python’s math module.

The official Python documentation, online tutorials, Stack Overflow, and third-party libraries such as the Python Mathematical Library provide excellent resources for beginners and experts alike. By using these resources, you can improve your Python programming skills and learn how to apply mathematical functions more effectively in your code.

In conclusion, removing the decimal part from a float and formatting a float as an integer are essential tasks in Python programming. Math module offers several built-in functions that make these processes more accessible.

Through various methods such as using `math.trunc()`, `int()`, `round()`, and `split()`, you can remove the decimal part from a float, while formatted string literals and various rounding functions enable you to format a float as an integer. It’s crucial to use resources such as Python official documentation, online tutorials, Stack Overflow, and third-party libraries to have a better understanding and to get more advanced operations and functions.

By utilizing these techniques and resources, you can improve your Python programming skills and achieve better results in your coding.