Adventures in Machine Learning

Python Adventure: How to Create Text-Based Games

Text-Based Adventure Games: Understanding and Implementing in Python

Imagine yourself in a world full of mysteries, where every move you make is crucial to surviving. The thrill of adventuring into the unknown is one of the key features of text-based adventure games.

Initially developed in the 1970s, these games have been popular for several decades and have remained appealing amongst game developers. Text-based games provide a unique experience that allows players to take control of the narrative and determine their outcomes by making decisions.

In this article, we will discuss the basic understanding of text-based games and how to implement a text-based adventure game in Python, a popular programming language.

Understanding Text-Based Adventure Games

A text-based game is an input-output game that involves presenting a player with a scenarized story or situation that requires a series of choices or actions to determine their next move. In essence, these games progress through a series of “scenes” that the player moves through.

Each scene presents the player with a carefully crafted situation in which they must make a choice to progress. These choices can branch into individual outcomes in ways that create the narrative of the game.

The storyline of the game is one of the essential aspects of text-based games. The storyline of the game is often implemented through careful planning and development of the individual scenes in the game.

The adventure is presented to the player through the narrations and descriptions given in each scene. Python is a programming language that is widely used in game development.

Python is versatile and easy to use, making it a popular choice for beginners. Python can be used to implement text-based games easily since it includes built-in functions that support text manipulation.

Implementing Text-Based Adventure Games in Python

Setting up the Initial Scene

The initial scene presents the player with the background of the adventure. When developing the game in Python, the print function is used to display the text to the player.

It is crucial to make sure the player can see what is happening in the game, so emoticons or emojis can be introduced to add emotion to the text.

Taking User Input and Creating Conditional Statements

The goal of a text-based game is to give the player a sense of control, which is why they must interact with the game. The input function is used to receive input from the player, which is then fed into an if-else statement.

If-else statements are crucial as they examine the player’s input and decide what to do next in the game. It is important to note that the game only continues if the player enters a valid answer.

Moving on to the Next Scenes

As the player progresses through the game, it is important to build the game by designing the second, third, and next scenes properly. The next scene’s implementation is similar to the initial scene, with the player interacting with the game by inputting answers, and the game utilizing if-else statements to continue the narrative.

Each scene should be created with the story in mind, ensuring that each decision the player makes has a significant impact on the game’s outcome.


In conclusion, text-based adventure games are a unique way to experience gaming, allowing players to take control of the narrative and determine the outcomes by making decisions. Implementing a text-based adventure game in Python is an excellent way to get started in game development.

By setting up the initial scene, taking user input, and creating conditional statements, and moving on to the next scenes, any game developer can create an exciting and engaging experience for the player. The possibilities are endless when it comes to building games in Python, and with text-based games, the story, the adventure, and the outcome are up to you.

Whether you’re an experienced developer or a beginner, the only limit is your imagination. Develop and play your text-based adventure games today!

Creating Scenes for the Game

Building a text-based adventure game is no easy feat, but developing the scenes that form the game’s backbone is a crucial and rewarding process. In this section, we will explore how to create scenes for a basic text-based adventure game using Python.

Scene 1: Waking up to a Loud Noise

Scene 1 sets the tone for the entire game and must hook the player. In this scenario, Lily wakes up in the middle of the night to a loud noise coming from her bedroom.

The player should be presented with two choices. To create this scene, we can use print to output the initial description of the situation.

“Your name is Lily, and you live in a small house in the outskirts of town. It’s the middle of the night, and you’re awoken by a loud bang, which came from your bedroom.

You’re startled; your heart beating fast, and you reach out for the torch beside your bed.”

The output sets the stage for the player, describing Lily’s name, her location, and the situation she’s in. The next step is to ask the player for input using the input function and then decide what to do based on the response.

“What would you like to do? Press 1 to get up and investigate, and press 2 to ignore the noise and try to go back to sleep.”

Following that, we utilize an if-else statement to move the game in different directions based on the player’s input.

The two choices presented to the player can lead to different outcomes, depending on the path they choose.

Scene 2: Finding a Teddy Bear

Scene 2 requires the player to make choices that lead to further consequences.

In this scenario, Lily discovers a strange-looking teddy bear in the main hall of her house. The player must decide whether to pick up the teddy bear or ignore it.

“The main hall is dimly lit, with the moon casting shadows on the floor. As you make your way through the hall, you notice a strange-looking teddy bear.

What would you like to do? Press 1 to pick up the teddy bear, or press 2 to ignore the teddy bear and continue on your way.”

This scene involves an input function followed by an if-else statement that corresponds to the player’s decision.

In this case, the outcome could positively or negatively affect what lies in the next scene. Scene 3: Confronting a Monster

The third scene involves a confrontation with a monster.

Lily will encounter a monster, and the player’s choices will affect the outcome. In this scene, the player must choose whether to throw the magic potion at the monster or not.

“Lily sees the monster and realizes she has a magic potion in her bag. You have two choices: 1.

Throw the magic potion at the monster or, 2. Refuse to throw the magic potion at the monster.”

As with the previous scenes, we use an if-else statement to determine what happens next based on the player’s decision.

For instance, throwing the magic potion might hurt the monster, while refusing could result in being thrown into a different mystical world.


Creating scenes is a critical component of text-based adventure games. Each scene must include the necessary description and input/output statements to engage the player and keep them invested in the game’s unique narrative.

Basic text-based games can be easy to code, but the story and decision-making can make the game quite engaging and entertaining. It is ideal for aspiring game developers to take time to create the scenes in advance, imagining the possibilities to keep it engaging and satisfying.

Using Python to build a text-based game is a useful way to learn how to code while also enjoying the process of building an exciting and unique adventure game. In summary, this article focused on understanding and implementing text-based adventure games using Python.

We discussed the essential elements, such as creating scenes, which form the backbone of the game. We explored different scenes and how the player’s decisions affect the game’s outcome.

Developing basic text-based games can be easy, but creating unique stories and decision-making can make the game quite engaging and entertaining. This article serves as a useful guide for aspiring game developers who want to learn how to code while also enjoying the process of building an exciting and unique adventure game.

With Python, there’s an endless number of possibilities for designing games that are sure to give players an unforgettable experience.

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