Adventures in Machine Learning

The Ultimate Guide to Python’s Range() Function

Python Range() Function: A Comprehensive Guide

If you are familiar with programming, you must have heard of Python. Python is one of the most popular programming languages, known for its simplicity and versatility.

It is an open-source language with a vast community of developers constantly working on it. Python offers a range of functions that help developers ease their workload.

One such function is the range() function. In this article, we will discuss the syntax and parameters of the range() function and its different variations.

Understanding Python Range() Function

The range() function is a built-in Python function that helps generate a sequence of numbers. The sequence is generated based on the parameters passed to the function.

The function returns an immutable sequence object of integers.

Syntax and Parameters of Range() Function

The syntax of the range() function is as follows:

range(stop)

range(start, stop, step)

The range() function can take three different parameters: start, stop, and step. 1.

Stop Parameter

When the range() function takes only one parameter, it generates a sequence of integers starting from 0 and stopping at stop -1. For example:

>>> for i in range(5):

print(i)

The output of the above code will be:

0

1

2

3

4

In the above example, we passed the stop parameter as 5, which generates integers starting from 0 and stopping at 5 -1 (i.e., 4). 2.

Start and Stop Parameters

When the range() function takes two parameters (start and stop), it generates a sequence of integers starting from start and stopping at stop -1. For example:

>>> for i in range(2, 7):

print(i)

The output of the above code will be:

2

3

4

5

6

In the above example, we passed the start parameter as 2 and stop parameter as 7. Thus, the output generated integers starting from 2 and stopping at 7 -1.

3. Start, Stop and Step Parameters

When the range() function takes three parameters (start, stop, and step), it generates a sequence of integers starting from start, incrementing by step, and stopping before stop.

For example:

>>> for i in range(1, 10, 2):

… print(i)

The output of the above code will be:

1

3

5

7

9

In the above example, we passed the start parameter as 1, stop parameter as 10, and step parameter as 2. Thus, the output generated integers starting from 1, incrementing by 2, and stopping before 10.

Using Range() Function in Python

Now that we have discussed the syntax and parameters of the range() function, let’s look at how we can use it in Python. 1.

Range() with Stop Argument

To generate a sequence of numbers using only the stop parameter in the range() function, you can use the following code:

>>> for i in range(5):

… print(i)

The above code will generate a sequence of integers starting from 0 and stopping at 4.

You can also use the range() function to generate a list of integers using the list() constructor. For example:

>>> list(range(5))

The above code will generate a list of integers [0, 1, 2, 3, 4].

2.

Range() with Start and Stop Arguments

To generate a sequence of integers using the start and stop parameters, you can use the following code:

>>> for i in range(2, 7):

print(i)

The above code will generate a sequence of integers starting from 2 and stopping at 6 (i.e., 7 -1). You can also use the range() function to generate a list of integers using the list() constructor.

For example:

>>> list(range(2, 7))

The above code will generate a list of integers [2, 3, 4, 5, 6]. 3.

Range() with Start, Stop, and Step Arguments

To generate a sequence of integers using the start, stop, and step parameters, you can use the following code:

>>> for i in range(1, 10, 2):

… print(i)

The above code will generate a sequence of integers starting from 1, incrementing by 2, and stopping before 10.

You can also use the range() function to generate a list of integers using the list() constructor. For example:

>>> list(range(1, 10, 2))

The above code will generate a list of integers [1, 3, 5, 7, 9].

For Loop Using Range()

You can use the range() function in a for loop to iterate over a sequence of integers. For example:

>>> for i in range(5):

print(i)

The above code will iterate over a sequence of integers starting from 0 and stopping at 4.

Range() Function:

Conclusion

In this article, we discussed the Python range() function and its different variations. We saw how we can use the range() function to generate a sequence of integers and iterate over them using a for loop.

Always remember the syntax and parameters of the range() function to generate different sequences of integers in Python.

Range() with Start and Stop Arguments

In Python, the range() function can take two arguments: start and stop. When the range() function takes two parameters, it generates a sequence of integers starting from start and stopping at stop -1.

Range() Function with Two Parameters: Syntax and Example

The syntax of the range() function with two parameters is as follows:

range(start, stop)

To understand this better, consider the following example:

for i in range(2, 7):

print(i)

The above code generates a sequence of integers starting from 2 and stopping at 6 (i.e., 71). Thus, it will output:

2

3

4

5

6

In the above example, we passed the start parameter as 2 and stop parameter as 7. Thus, the output generated integers starting from 2 and stopping at 6.

You can also use the range() function to generate a list of integers using the list() constructor. For example:

my_list = list(range(2, 7))

The above code will generate a list of integers [2, 3, 4, 5, 6].

Range() function with Start and Stop: Applications

The range() function with start and stop arguments is widely used in programming. It can be used in a variety of ways, such as:

1.

Looping over a sequence of integers

The range() function is often used in for loops to loop through a sequence of integers. For instance, if you want to print the squares of numbers from 1 to 5, you can use the range() function with start and stop arguments as follows:

for i in range(1, 6):

print(i ** 2)

The above code will generate the sequence of integers starting from 1 and stopping at 5.

For each number in the sequence, it will print the result of i ** 2. The output generated will be:

1

4

9

16

25

2. Setting values in arrays

The range() function is also used to set the initial values of an array.

For example:

my_array = [0] * 10

for i in range(1, 10):

my_array[i] = i ** 2

The above code generates an array of size 10 with all elements initialized to 0. It then sets the values of elements from index 1 to index 9 to the square of that index.

The result is an array containing the squares of numbers from 1 to 9.

Range() with Start, Stop, and Step Arguments

In Python, the range() function can take three arguments: start, stop, and step.

When the range() function takes three parameters, it generates a sequence of integers starting from start, incrementing by step, and stopping before stop. Range() Function with Three Parameters: Syntax and Example

The syntax of the range() function with three parameters is as follows:

range(start, stop, step)

To understand this better, consider the following example:

for i in range(1, 10, 2):

print(i)

The above code generates a sequence of integers starting from 1, incrementing by 2, and stopping before 10.

Thus, it will output:

1

3

5

7

9

In the above example, we passed the start parameter as 1, stop parameter as 10, and step parameter as 2. Thus, the output generated integers starting from 1, incrementing by 2, and stopping before 10.

You can also use the range() function to generate a list of integers using the list() constructor. For example:

my_list = list(range(1, 10, 2))

The above code will generate a list of integers [1, 3, 5, 7, 9].

Range() function with Start, Stop, and Step: Applications

The range() function with start, stop, and step arguments is widely used in programming. It can be used in a variety of ways, such as:

1.

Looping with different step sizes

The range() function with step argument is used to generate a sequence with a specific step size. For instance, if you want to print the cubes of numbers from 1 to 10 but with a step of 3, you can use the range() function with start, stop, and step arguments as follows:

for i in range(1, 10, 3):

print(i ** 3)

The above code generates the sequence of integers starting from 1, incrementing by 3, and stopping before 10.

For each number in the sequence, it will print the result of i ** 3. The output generated will be:

1

64

343

2. Reverse Looping

You can also use the range() function to loop through a sequence of integers in reverse order.

For example:

for i in range(5, 0, -1):

print(i)

The above code generates a sequence of integers starting from 5, decrementing by 1, and stopping before 0. It will output:

5

4

3

2

1

In the above example, we passed the start parameter as 5, stop parameter as 0, and step parameter as -1. Thus, the output generated integers starting from 5, decrementing by 1, and stopping before 0.

Conclusion

In this article, we have discussed the usage of range() function with start and stop arguments and start, stop and step arguments. We have also seen examples of how to use the range() function in for loops and setting values in arrays.

The range() function is an essential function in Python as it simplifies the task of generating sequences of integers. With the knowledge gained in this article, you can go ahead and use the range() function to generate custom sequences tailored to your specific needs.

For Loop using

Range() with Start and Stop Arguments

A for loop is a control flow statement in Python used to iterate over a sequence. One of the most common uses of a for loop is in combination with the range() function.

When the range() function takes start and stop arguments, it generates a sequence of integers starting from start and stopping at stop -1. For Loop with Range() Function: Syntax and Example

The syntax of the for loop using range() function with start and stop arguments is as follows:

for i in range(start, stop):

# do something with i

To understand this better, consider the following example:

for i in range(2, 7):

print(i)

The above code generates a sequence of integers starting from 2 and stopping at 6 (i.e., 71).

It will output:

2

3

4

5

6

In the above example, we used for loop to iterate through the sequence of integers generated by the range() function. You can also use nested for loops with range() function to generate patterns.

For instance, if you want to generate a pattern of stars in the following manner:

*

**

***

****

*****

you can use nested for loops with range() function as follows:

for i in range(1, 6):

for j in range(i):

print(“*”, end=””)

print()

The above code uses two nested for loops with range() function. The outer for loop generates the number of rows (1 through 5), while the inner for loop generates the number of stars for each row (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5).

The “end” parameter in the inner loop tells the print statement not to add a newline character, and the second print statement with an empty “print()” is used to create a newline after each row. For Loop with Range() Function: Applications

The for loop with range() function and start, stop argument is widely used in programming.

It can be used in a variety of ways, such as:

1. Generating patterns

As demonstrated in the previous example, the for loop with nested range() function can generate various patterns, such as stars, triangles, and more.

2. Setting values in arrays

You can also use the for loop with range() function to set the initial values of an array.

For example:

my_array = [0] * 10

for i in range(1, 10):

my_array[i] = i ** 2

The above code generates an array of size 10 with all elements initialized to 0. It then sets the values of elements from index 1 to index 9 to the square of that index.

The result is an array containing the squares of numbers from 1 to 9.

Conclusion

In this article, we discussed the usage of the for loop with the range() function in Python. We saw how we can use the range() function with start and stop arguments to generate sequences of integers and loop through that sequence using a for loop.

We also saw how we can use nested for loops with range() function to generate patterns. The range() function is one of the most commonly used functions in Python, and combining it with a for loop offers immense power to generate various sequences, patterns, and manipulate arrays.

With the knowledge gained in this article, you can now create custom loops and sequences and manipulate lists with the range() function in Python. In this tutorial, we explored the Python range() function and its different variations.

We discussed the syntax and parameters of the range() function and its different applications, from generating sequences of integers to looping through them using for loops. We saw how the range() function can be used to set values in arrays, generate patterns, and manipulate lists.

By understanding the range() function, developers can write more efficient and concise code in Python. The takeaway from this article is that the range() function is an important tool in Python and knowing its capabilities can optimize development practices to achieve desired results in less time.

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