Adventures in Machine Learning

Three Main Methods of Using Web Drivers for Selenium Automation

As automation continues to revolutionize the IT industry, Selenium stands out as an essential tool for software testing and development. Selenium is an open-source library that enables the automation of web applications using various programming languages, including Python, Java, C#, Ruby, and others.

One of the key components of Selenium automation is the driver, which enables the script to communicate with the web browser. In this article, we will delve into the critical aspects of installing web drivers, including their importance, compatibility issues, and ways to use drivers, with a particular focus on the Direct Location Method.

Importance of Driver in Selenium Automation

The Selenium library has several essential components, the most crucial being the driver. The driver is responsible for communicating between the script and the web browser and has the specific role of interpreting and executing the Selenium commands.

Without a driver, Selenium automation would not be possible.

Compatibility Issues and Downloading Drivers

The web driver version must match the browser version. Failure to do so may result in errors or complete script breakdown.

Compatibility concerns arise because different browser companies release new versions frequently, which can be far more frequent and quick to change than we anticipated. Before downloading a driver, ensure that you know the correct version of the browser you intend to use.

Ways to Use Drivers

There are three main ways to use drivers: driver manager, environment variable, and Direct Location Method.

Driver Manager

The driver manager method involves downloading libraries that manage interaction with the drivers for various browsers automatically. Besides, it is continuously updated to ensure compatibility with the latest browsers.

The advantage of using the driver manager method is that it simplifies the installation process and ensures that the web driver is up-to-date.

Environment Variable

The second way to use web drivers involves setting up an environment variable. This procedure entails setting the relevant path for the specific browser in question.

Once set, the system automatically searches the path variable when selenium initiates a particular type of browser. The advantage of using an environment variable is that it works for all applications, and there is no need to install and manage multiple drivers.

Direct Location Method


Direct Location Method is the third and perhaps the most popular method of using web drivers. This method involves specifying the driver location on the local system.


Direct Location Method offers users more control over their automation process, making it a favorite for experienced users.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Direct Location Method

One of the most significant advantages of using the

Direct Location Method is its flexibility. Users can place the driver file in any folder on their machine, and Selenium can still find it.

Additionally, users can manually change the web driver version if required. However, this flexibility and manual intervention can also be a disadvantage, since the direct location method is prone to human errors, and it may take more time to update outdated drivers.

Examples of Using Driver in Python Selenium Code

Below are a few examples of using the driver in Python Selenium code with the Direct Location Method:

Example 1: Instantiating a Chrome browser


from selenium import webdriver

driver = webdriver.Chrome(‘C:\Users\user\Selenium\chromedriver.exe’)


Example 2: Instantiating a Firefox browser


from selenium import webdriver

driver = webdriver.Firefox(‘C:\Users\user\Selenium\geckodriver.exe’)


Example 3: Instantiating an Edge browser


from selenium import webdriver

driver = webdriver.Edge(‘C:\Users\user\Selenium\msedgedriver.exe’)


In conclusion, web drivers are an essential component of Selenium automation. They enable the script to communicate with the web browser and interpret and execute Selenium commands.

We have explored the compatibility issues of downloads, the three main ways of using web drivers, and the advantages and disadvantages of using the Direct Location Method. We have also provided examples of how to use web drivers in Python Selenium code.

By utilizing the information provided in this article and the numerous resources available, you can install and use web drivers with confidence, paving the way for seamless Selenium automation. 3)

Environment Variable Method

Selenium automation requires the use of web drivers to be able to communicate with web browsers effectively.

The Direct Location Method, which involves manually specifying where the web driver file is located on a user’s system, is popular among seasoned users. However, a more straightforward and automated way to configure and use web drivers is through the environment variable method.

Advantages and Disadvantages of

Environment Variable Method

One of the primary advantages of using the environment variable method is that it is system-wide. That means that once the environment variable is set, it remains active for all applications.

It sets the path for web drivers automatically and simplifies the process of handling multiple browsers. The environment variable method also provides a more straightforward approach to setting up web drivers for users who are not comfortable with manual setup methods.

However, the environment variable method has a few disadvantages. One of the most significant setbacks is that it does not provide full control of the driver setup and update process for Selenium users.

This method is also subject to errors and conflicts when multiple versions of browsers are present, leading to version mismatch and weaker compatibility.

Setting Environment Path Variable through Command Prompt or System Settings

There are two primary ways to set environment path variables: through the Command Prompt or through System Settings. To set environment variables through the Command Prompt:


Press the “Windows button + R” to open the “Run” dialogue box

2. Type “cmd” and press “Enter”


Type “setx PATH “pathtoyourwebdriver;$PATH””

– Replace “pathtoyourwebdriver” with the file location of your web driver file

4. Press “Enter”


Restart any applications or command prompts that will use this path

To set environment variables through System Settings:

1. Go to “Control Panel” and open the “System Properties” window


Click on “Advanced System Settings”

3. Click the “

Environment Variables” button


Under “System Variables,” click “New”

5. Type in “PATH” for the variable name and “pathtoyourwebdriver” for the variable value

– Replace “pathtoyourwebdriver” with the file location of your web driver file


Restart any applications or command prompts that will use this path


Driver Manager Method

Another way to install and use web drivers for Selenium automation is through the driver manager method. Unlike with the Direct Location and

Environment Variable methods, where the web driver file must be downloaded and placed in the directory, the driver manager method involves downloading a library that will automatically manage the interaction between Selenium and the specific driver.

Advantages and Disadvantages of

Driver Manager Method

One of the primary benefits of using the driver manager method is that it takes care of managing the required version of the web driver automatically, which ensures full compatibility and eliminates version mismatches that can lead to errors. It also enables multi browser support, which makes it easier for developers to work with multiple browsers.

Besides, it is continuously updated to ensure compatibility with the latest browsers, and it allows for easy integration with Selenium libraries. The driver manager method also has some limitations.

One particular disadvantage is that it can make Selenium automation scripts dependant on external libraries, which may cause issues and compatibility concerns. It also requires extra disk space to store and manage the driver manager libraries.

Installing and Using

Driver Manager in Python Code

To install and use a driver manager in Python, you can use the loc_service class from the selenium.webdriver module. This class depends on the webdriver_manager library, which must be installed independently.

Here is a sample code snippet showing how to use the Chrome driver manager in Python:


from selenium import webdriver

from import ChromeDriverManager

driver = webdriver.Chrome(ChromeDriverManager().install())



In the example above, we first import the Selenium webdriver module and the ChromeDriverManager class from the webdriver_manager library. Then, we create an instance of the Chrome driver and invoke the installation process, which downloads and installs the required Chrome driver.

Finally, we use the newly installed driver to access the Google home page.


In conclusion, there are three main methods of using web drivers, each with its advantages and disadvantages. The

Direct Location Method provides more control over the automation process, while the environment variable method is suitable for users who want a system-wide approach to the installation of drivers.

The driver manager method is a more automated approach to managing drivers and is advantageous for users working with multiple browsers. Regardless of the method, each approach to web driver installation in Selenium automation has its use cases, and choosing the right method for your specific project is essential.

With this article’s information, developers can better understand their options and make informed, confident decisions in their automation scripts’ setup and implementation. In summary, web drivers are crucial components of Selenium automation, enabling scripts to communicate and interact with web browsers effectively.

There are three main methods of using web drivers: the Direct Location Method, the

Environment Variable Method, and the

Driver Manager Method. Each method has its advantages and limitations, and choosing the right method is essential to ensure compatibility and seamless automation.

This article has provided an overview of each method and highlighted their key aspects, including installation, advantages, and disadvantages. By carefully choosing the appropriate method, developers can set up Selenium automation scripts with confidence and ensure their success.