## Introduction to

## Dataframe Mean in Pandas

Data analysis is a complex task that involves statistical concepts, data processing, classification, and modeling. One of the most commonly used statistical concepts is the mean, also known as the arithmetic mean or average.

In simple terms, the mean is the sum of all values in a dataset divided by the number of values. In this article, we will explore the significance of mean in data analysis and how it can be calculated using Pandas, a popular Python library for data manipulation.

## Significance of Mean in Data Analysis

The mean is a critical measure of central tendency in data analysis that provides a reliable estimate of the average value of a dataset. It is widely used to summarize numerical data and compare variables across different groups.

For example, if you want to compare the salary of employees in two departments of a company, you can calculate the mean salary of each department and compare them.

Moreover, the mean is also an essential tool in hypothesis testing, which involves validating or rejecting a hypothesis based on data.

In this process, the mean is used to calculate the test statistics to determine the probability of observing a particular value under the null hypothesis.

## Dataframe Mean in Pandas

Pandas is a Python library widely used for data manipulation, analysis, and visualization. One of the most commonly used functions in Pandas is the mean function, which calculates the mean value of a series or data frame.

## In-built Mean Function in Pandas

Pandas library comes with an in-built mean function that can be applied to data frame objects. The function takes a variety of parameters to customize the output based on the requirements.

## Syntax and Parameters of Mean Function

The syntax of the mean function in Pandas is straightforward and easy to use. It takes the following parameters:

axis: This parameter specifies the axis along which the mean is calculated.

The default value is axis=0, meaning that the mean is calculated column-wise. Setting axis=1 will calculate the mean row-wise.

skipna: This parameter specifies whether the NaN values should be excluded from the calculation. Setting skipna=True will exclude NaN values, while skipna=False will include them in the calculation.

level: This parameter specifies the level in the case of a multi-level index data frame. numeric_only: This parameter specifies whether to include only numeric columns in the calculation.

**kwargs: Additional keyword arguments that can customize the output, such as dtype, min_count, etc.

## Return Value of Mean Function

The mean function in Pandas returns the mean value of the series or data frame. If the mean is calculated column-wise, the output will be a row with the mean value of each column.

If calculated row-wise, the output will be a column with the mean value of each row.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, the mean is a fundamental statistical concept that plays a critical role in data analysis, modeling, and hypothesis testing. Pandas provides an easy and straightforward way to calculate the mean of a data frame using the mean function.

It takes various parameters to customize the output based on the requirements and returns the mean value of the series or data frame. The mean function is just one of the many tools provided by Pandas that make data analysis and manipulation much easier and efficient.

## Example How to Calculate Dataframe Mean

Calculating the mean using Pandas mean() function is an essential step in data analysis. In this section, we will look at some examples of how to calculate the mean using Pandas and the different options available.

## Calculate Mean with Axis 0

The default mode of the mean function is calculating the mean value for every row/index. To calculate the mean values along the index axis, we need to set axis=0.

For example, let’s consider the following data frame:

“`

## import pandas as pd

df = pd.DataFrame({‘A’:[1,2,3,4,5], ‘B’:[6,7,8,9,0], ‘C’:[2,4,6,8,10]})

## df

“`

## Output:

“`

A B C

## 0 1 6 2

## 1 2 7 4

## 2 3 8 6

## 3 4 9 8

## 4 5 0 10

“`

To calculate the mean of each column along the indexed axis, we can use the following code:

“`

## mean_

df =

df.mean(axis=0)

## mean_

## df

“`

## Output:

“`

A 3.0

B 6.0

C 6.0

dtype: float64

“`

Here, axis=0 specifies that we should calculate the mean for every row/index. The output is a Series object with the mean value of each column.

## Calculate Mean with Axis 1

To calculate the mean for each column, we can set axis=1 instead. For example, let’s consider the same data frame as before but calculate the mean of each row using the following code:

“`

## mean_

df =

df.mean(axis=1)

## mean_

## df

“`

## Output:

“`

0 3.0

1 4.3

2 5.7

3 7.0

4 5.0

dtype: float64

“`

Here, axis=1 specifies that we should calculate the mean of each column.

The output is a Series object with the mean value of each row.

## Calculate Mean without Axis

We can also use the mean function to calculate the mean of a specific series or a scalar value without specifying the axis. For example, let’s calculate the mean value of column A in the data frame that we created earlier:

“`

mean_A =

df[‘A’].mean()

## mean_A

“`

## Output:

“`

3.0

“`

Here, we did not specify the axis parameter because we were only interested in the mean of one series.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, calculating the mean is an essential statistical concept that is widely used in data analysis. Pandas provides the mean() function, which is a powerful tool for calculating the mean of a data frame using various parameters, such as axis and numeric_only.

By setting the axis parameter to 0 or 1, we can calculate the mean for each row/index or each column, respectively. Additionally, the mean function can be applied to a specific series or scalar value.

The mean() function is just one of the many tools provided by Pandas that make data analysis and manipulation much easier and efficient. In conclusion, the mean is a crucial statistical concept that plays a vital role in data analysis and modeling.

The Pandas library provides a simple and efficient way to calculate means using the mean() function. The function takes various parameters such as axis, skipna, level, and numeric_only to customize the output, making it more flexible.

By calculating the mean value for every row/index with axis=0 or each row/column with axis=1, we can summarize numerical data and compare variables across groups. As a result, the mean is a fundamental statistical measure used in hypothesis testing and validation of data, which is essential in making informed decisions.