# Unlocking the Power of Sorting: 3 Techniques for Getting Indices of a Sorted List in Python

## Getting the Indices of a Sorted List in Python

Sorting is an essential task in data analysis and programming. It is the process of arranging elements in a particular order based on a set of defined criteria.

In Python, there are various ways of sorting data types, including lists, arrays, and dictionaries. One common task is getting the indices of a sorted list, which orders the list and returns the position or index of each element in the new list.

In this article, we will explore three techniques you can use to get the indices of a sorted list in Python.

### 1. Using Sorted() Function

One way to get the indices of a sorted list in Python is by using the built-in `sorted()` function. The `sorted()` function takes an iterable and a key parameter specifying the sorting criteria.

The function returns a new list with the original elements sorted in ascending order. Here’s an example:

``````my_list = [4, 2, 3, 1]
sorted_list = sorted(my_list)
print(sorted_list)  # [1, 2, 3, 4]
``````

To get the indices of the sorted list, you need to loop through the original list and compare each element with the corresponding element in the sorted list.

Here’s the code to achieve this:

``````my_list = [4, 2, 3, 1]
sorted_list = sorted(my_list)
indices = [my_list.index(x) for x in sorted_list]
print(indices)  # [3, 1, 2, 0]
``````

In this example, the indices of the sorted list are [3, 1, 2, 0], corresponding to the positions of the elements in the original list.

### 2. Using Numpy.argsort()

The `numpy.argsort()` function provides another way to get the indices of a sorted list in Python.

Numpy is a popular library for numerical computing in Python and provides various functions for data manipulation and analysis. The `argsort()` function returns an array of indices that would sort the input array in ascending order.

Here’s an example:

``````import numpy as np
my_array = np.array([4, 2, 3, 1])
sorted_indices = np.argsort(my_array)
print(sorted_indices)  # [3 1 2 0]
``````

In this example, the `sorted_indices` array contains the indices in ascending order, corresponding to the sorted elements in the original array.

### 3. Using Enumerate() Function

The `enumerate()` function is a built-in Python function that provides an easy way to iterate through a list while keeping track of the index of each element. You can leverage this feature to get the indices of a sorted list.

Here’s an example:

``````my_list = [4, 2, 3, 1]
sorted_list = sorted(my_list)
indexed_list = list(enumerate(my_list))
sorted_indices = [t[0] for t in sorted(indexed_list, key=lambda x: x[1])]
print(sorted_indices)  # [3, 1, 2, 0]
``````

In this example, we first use the `enumerate()` function to create a list of tuples containing the index and value of each element in the original list. We then use the `sorted()` function with a lambda function to sort the tuples based on the second element (value) and return a list of the sorted indices.

Python provides a wide range of functions and libraries for sorting and indexing data structures. Some additional resources you can explore include:

• The pandas library provides advanced data manipulation and analysis tools, including efficient sorting, grouping, and filtering of dataframes and series.
• The `heapq` module provides functions for heap-based data structures, such as priority queues, that can be used for efficient sorting and indexing of large datasets.
• The `itertools` module provides a rich set of iterative tools, including functions for sorting, grouping, filtering, and flattening iterators.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, sorting is a fundamental operation in programming and data analysis, and Python provides various means of sorting and indexing data structures. In this article, we explored three techniques you can use to get the indices of a sorted list in Python: `sorted()` function, `numpy.argsort()` function, and `enumerate()` function.

We also highlighted some additional resources you can use to further expand your knowledge and skills in sorting and indexing data structures in Python. In summary, sorting is a critical task in programming and data analysis, especially when handling large datasets.

Python provides several techniques for sorting and indexing data structures, including getting the indices of a sorted list. In this article, we explored three methods for obtaining the indices of a sorted list in Python: `sorted()` function, `numpy.argsort()` function, and `enumerate()` function.

By understanding these techniques, programmers and data analysts can better analyze and visualize data, providing insights that can impact decision-making. Sorting and indexing data structures are crucial steps in data cleaning and preparation, allowing better insights to be gleaned from the data.